Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (2023)

The Elder Futhark consists of 24 runes divided into three groups of eight, known as an ætt (singular of ættir), which are said to be ruled over by both a god and goddess. The first ætt is ruled over by Frey and Freyja, the deities of fertility. The second ætt is ruled over by Heimdall and Mordgud, and the third and final ætt is ruled over by Tîwaz and Zisa.

I have added to this page the color associations for each rune. The first color will be the color that I have assigned to the rune and the one in parentheses is the color assigned by the author D. Jason Cooper in his book Esoteric Rune Magic. If there is are no parentheses for a second color that simply means that my color choice is the same as Mr. Cooper’s.

Fehu

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (1)

Sound: “f”
Stands for: Cattle
Color: Green (Brown)
Casting meaning: Fehu is a rune of power and control. It represents new beginnings and “movable” wealth such as money and credit. It is a rune that gives us the power we need to obtain wealth as well as the power we need to hold on to it.

Uruz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (2)

Sound: “oo”
Stands for: Auroch (like a wild ox)
Color: Orange (Dark Green)
Casting meaning: Uruz is also a rune of power, but unlike Fehu, it’s a power that we can neither own nor control. In a casting it can mean that personal success is near. For charms and talismans use Uruz for its healing powers.

Thurisaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (3)

Sound: “th”
Stands for: Thorn (or Giant)
Color: White
Casting meaning: This rune represents the ability we have to resist unwanted conflicts in a passive manner. It is a rune of protection and can tell us of a possible change that would have otherwise come without warning. You can use the protection aspect of Thurisaz as a defense against adversaries.

Ansuz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (4)

Sound: “aa” as in “aah”
Stands for: Mouth (or Divine Breath)
Color: Purple
Casting meaning: Ansuz is a rune that symbolizes stability and shows us order. It is also a rune that indicates intellectual activities and directly represents the divine breath of all life and creation.

(Video) The Names of the Runes (Elder Futhark)

Raidho

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (5)

Sound: “r”
Stands for: Wheel, Cartwheel (or Riding)
Color: Blue (Black)
Casting meaning: This rune allows us to focus our energy so that we may obtain our goals. However to do so effectively we must be “in the right place at the right time.”

Sound: “k”
Stands for: Torch
Color: Yellow
Casting meaning: Kenaz is a rune of knowledge, understanding, learning and teaching. It allows us to view situations with more clarity than we normally would.

Gebo

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (7)

Sound: “g” as in “gift”
Stands for: Gift
Color: Gold & Silver (Red)
Casting meaning: Gebo represents the honor and connection that is created between people when they exchange gifts. The connection and honor is similar to the connection and honor that a person has with the gods for giving them life.

Wunjo

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (8)

Sound: “w”, “v”
Stands for: Joy
Color: Pink (Blue)
Casting meaning: This rune shows us the balance between all things even when in a chaotic world. It is also a rune of fellowship, common goals and well being to all things. If you come across this rune in a reading you can expect good news to come your way.

Hagalaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (9)

Sound: “h”
Stands for: Hail, Hailstone
Color: Blue (White)
Casting meaning: Representing a hailstone we can expect time and situations to be constricting if Hagalaz turns up in a reading. But much like a hailstone will eventually turn to water, which flows smoothly, these situations and times will eventually flow smoothly for us.

(Video) Rune Basics: Learn all 24 rune meanings fast!

Naudhiz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (10)

Sound: “n”
Stands for: Necessity (or Need)
Color: Black (Blue)
Casting meaning: This rune represents how our need or want of something can put a restriction on us. It restricts our possibilities but also contains the power we need to break free from those restrictions.

Isa

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (11)

Sound: “i”, “ee” as in “east”
Stands for: Ice
Color: Brown (Black)
Casting meaning: Like an icicle formed at the start of winter, with this rune we can only wait until the warmth of the sun allows us to be free from a constricting form. Isa represents a halt in activity until a change is made.

Sound: “j” like the “y” in “year”
Stands for: Harvest (or Year or Season)
Color: Brown
Casting meaning: Jera is a rune that represents the cycle of life. With this rune we see that we must go with the flow of nature to obtain the goals we want.

Eihwaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (13)

Sound: “eo”, “æ”
Stands for: Yew Tree
Color: White (Green)
Casting meaning: Eihwaz is a rune that can be used as a magical protector and facilitator. It shows us that in the event of an ending situation we find the start of a new situation.

Perdhro

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (14)

Sound: “p”
Stands for: Dice Cup (there are many variations)
Color: Blue (Red)
Casting meaning: Perdhro reminds us of the uncertainties in life and represents freewill and the connection of the restrictions we have due to our circumstances. It is viewed as a rune of memory and problem solving.

(Video) Rune meanings: The first Aett || THE RUNES #3

Elhaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (15)

Sound: “zz” as in “buzz”
Stands for: Elk (or Protection)
Color: Black (Purple)
Casting meaning: This is a rune of great restraint power, defense and protection. Use this rune in charms and talismans to protect yourself as well as your property.

Sowulo

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (16)

Sound: “s”
Stands for: Sun
Color: Yellow
Casting meaning: With the help of this rune we tend to be able to see things more clearly. Like the sun sheds light on dark times, with Sowulo we too can find the light during dark times.

Teiwaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (17)

Sound: “t”
Stands for: Creator
Color: Green (Red)
Casting meaning: Teiwaz can promise us success in our actions but this time without personal sacrifice. It also means success in “legal” matters but only if we were in the right to begin with.

Berkana

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (18)

Sound: “b”
Stands for: Birch Tree (or Birch Twig)
Color: White (Blue)
Casting meaning: Like the birch tree coming to life from a seed planted in the earth, Berkana represents a new beginning and is also a powerful birth rune.

Ehwaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (19)

Sound: “e” as in “every”
Stands for: Horse
Color: Red (White)
Casting meaning: Ehwaz reminds us that in order for success there must be a natural flow in the task at hand. With this rune to give us power as well as it making use of our good intentions we can surely achieve such success.

(Video) Elder Futhark Runes Meanings in Divination

Mannaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (20)

Sound: “m”
Stands for: Man (as in human, not gender)
Color: Blue (Purple)
Casting meaning: Mannaz has many powers. First it is a rune that lets us know we can achieve our fullest potential. Secondly it reminds us that we, as humans, all have shared experiences in life. Lastly we can use the power of this rune to gain the upper hand in disputes and arguments.

Laguz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (21)

Sound: “l”
Stands for: Water (or Lake)
Color: Black & White (Green)
Casting meaning: Laguz represents the power of water and its easy flowing nature. We must learn to “go with the flow” when this rune shows up in a reading so that we can take full advantage of our powers.

Inguz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (22)

Sound: “ng” as in “long”
Stands for: Fertility
Color: Brown (Black)
Casting meaning: This rune allows us to spread our energy out far and wide. It is a protective rune mainly for the protection of our homes. To use Inguz effectively we must learn to build up our powers over time and then release the power all at once.

Dagaz

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (23)

Sound: “d”
Stands for: Day
Color: Yellow
Casting meaning: Dagaz represents a stability between opposites, such as light and dark. It can stop harmful energy from getting to you but at the same time allow the good energy to slip through so that you can make good use of it.

Othala

Elder Futhark – Rune Meanings | The Rune Site (24)

Sound: “o” as in “old”
Stands for: Home (or Odla – sacred ancestral land)
Color: Copper (Brown)
Casting meaning: Much like Fehu this is a rune of wealth. But unlike Fehu, Othala represents a wealth that cannot be sold. This is wealth like family, friendships or our culture and heritage that is passed down to us. It represents an enclosure and maintains the existing state of things as they presently are.

(Video) Blank Rune Meaning (Elder Futhark Runes) - Ancient Runes Revealed - Rune Symbols and Meanings

FAQs

What does each Elder Futhark rune mean? ›

1) FEHU represents Livestock. It symbolizes Wealth, Abundance, Success, Security, Fertility. 2) URUZ represents a Bull. It symbolizes Strength, Tenacity, Courage, Untamed Potential, Freedom. 3) THURISAZ represents a Thorn.

How many runes are in the Elder Futhark? ›

Elder Futhark runes (until around 800CE)

The Futhark consists of 24 runes. Each rune likely had a name, chosen to represent the sound of the rune itself. The names of the runes are preserved in the Old English Rune Poem, which contains stanzas about each character along with 5 from the Anglo-Saxon Futhorc.

Is Elder Futhark real? ›

The Elder Futhark (or Fuþark), also known as the Older Futhark, Old Futhark, or Germanic Futhark, is the oldest form of the runic alphabets. It was a writing system used by Germanic peoples for Northwest Germanic dialects in the Migration Period.

What do the 24 runes mean? ›

The Elder Futhark runes are a set of 24 symbols that were used for writing in Scandinavia and other parts of Northern Europe from about 200-800 AD. The word “Futhark” is derived from the first six letters, which are called “Fehu,” “Uruz,” “Thurisaz,” “Ansuz,” “Raidho” and “Kennaz.”

Are Elder Futhark runes Viking? ›

Elder Futhark is the oldest runic alphabet used by the Vikings. It consists of 24 unique runic symbols, each of which has its own meaning. The runes of this letter are grouped in three rows. This means that there are eight symbols in each row.

How do you activate runes? ›

How to activate GREAT RUNES in Elden Ring | PC Gamer - YouTube

What is the rune for power? ›

Casting meaning: Fehu is a rune of power and control.

What is the letter Y in Viking runes? ›

Algiz
NameProto-GermanicOld Norse
Transliterationzʀ
Transcriptionzʀ
IPA[z][ɻ], [y]
Position in rune-row1516
5 more rows

What zodiac is Odin? ›

9 Cancer - Odin

Like many people under the Cancer sign, Odin is a great leader and very loyal to the people of Asgard. However, he can be aggressive at times and even manipulative, as in his relationship with Loki, which is also a trait of the Cancer sign.

Is there a Viking zodiac? ›

The study of Norse astrology is also called runeology and instead of zodiac signs, there are birth runes. Your birth rune is the caretaker of your destiny. Unlike your zodiac sign, birth runes are not meant to tell you your fate, or what month will bring you love or money.

Is there a Celtic zodiac? ›

Each Celtic Zodiac Sign is associated with a specific tree, an Ogham alphabet letter, a Guardian Animal, a Celtic God, and other elements such as gemstones. Motivated, ambition-driven, passionate.

Can I tattoo a rune? ›

Rune Algiz in a Tattoo:

The Rune can be tattooed much more safely than, say, Thurisaz. Nevertheless, it is not recommended for people that have NOTHING to do with the Runes, don't have a personal connection to Algiz and want to do it just for fun, thinking it will offer any kind of protection.

Are runes written left to right? ›

The runes could be written from left to right or right to left. They also could be written with the first sentence proceeding right to left and the second sentence proceeding left to right (boustphedon).

Is it possible to learn Old Norse? ›

Learning or teaching Old Norse is easy with The Viking Language Series. Viking Language 1 and 2 are the authoritative guides to learning Old Norse, opening a world of sagas, Eddas, and runes. These textbooks have everything you need to become proficient in Old Norse, including grammar, vocabulary, and exercises.

How many Celtic runes are there? ›

The earliest known sequential listing of the full set of 24 runes dates to approximately AD 400 and is found on the Kylver Stone in Gotland, Sweden.

How are runes written? ›

The Runic alphabet may have been based on an early version of the Greek alphabet. A number of letters resemble those used in early Greek alphabet. Alternatively it may have developed from one of the ancient alphabets used in Italy for Etruscan or other languages.

Do runes have meanings? ›

As well as being a literal alphabet used during the Viking ages, runes were (and still are by some) believed to hold power, symbolize inherent qualities and values and be associated with magic, as well as having meanings in more modern divination and oracle reading practices too.

Are there any Viking ruins left? ›

Stöng - Ruins of a Real Viking Settlement Manor

In Þjórsárdalur valley upcountry in South Iceland, you will find ruins of a real Viking Settlement-Age farm - Stöng.

What is the difference between Younger Futhark and Elder Futhark? ›

Elder Futhark had 24 letters while Younger Futhark, developed at the beginning of the Viking Age, had only 16 letters. Elder Futhark inscriptions etched by craftsmen and owners have been found on coins, garment brooches, weapons and implements dating primarily from the era of the Iron Age princes.

What language did Vikings speak? ›

Old Norse was spoken by inhabitants of Scandinavia and their overseas settlements and chronologically coincides with the Viking Age, the Christianization of Scandinavia and the consolidation of Scandinavian kingdoms from about the 7th to the 15th centuries.

What Great Rune is best? ›

Radahn's Great Rune is the best for boss battles because it raises your health, stamina, and focus points by 15%.

Do I have to activate Runes? ›

There are several Great Runes to collect throughout the game, each offering a different bonus to your abilities after consuming a Rune Arc, but you have to activate most Great Rune before they're actually viable.

Do Great Runes last forever? ›

To gain the benefits of an equipped Great Rune, players will need to consume a Rune Arc in Elden Ring. This will activate the effects, which will last indefinitely and are lost only by dying.

What is the rune for chaos? ›

Thurisaz is a rune that is often shunned by runesters, it represents the forces of chaos – that which we fear, the powerful emotions and drivers lurking beneath the surface. A giant, a thorn, a powerful, uncontrollable force.

What is the Viking rune for Warrior? ›

The rune of the warrior, Tiwaz is named after the god Tyr. The god of justice and law, this rune is a representation of honor, righteousness, and warrior. It is trust in the path that has been chosen, that is the one true path towards greatness. In Norse mythology, Tyr sacrifices his hand to chain the wolf Fenris.

What does the P rune mean? ›

Phoneme: P. Meaning: unknown. (Note: the theory that this rune's name was “Pertho” is just speculation. No one really knows, because the Viking Age and medieval sources are too vague.) Name: unknown (the rune poems are contradictory).

What is the death rune? ›

The “death rune” is used widely in Ukraine to demonstrate Nazi and racist views, often without any connection to a specific organization. Supporters of far-right ideologies almost always use it to symbolize death, most commonly in conjunction with the “life rune.” This rune is almost never mistakenly used.

Are Celtic and Norse runes the same? ›

They do have similarities, but the differences are many. Both the Norse and Celtic runes were considered as sacred and engraved on wood in the beginning. However, the Norse runes hold protective power; on the other hand, the Celtic runes possess charm and persona.

How do you write Odin in Old Norse? ›

Odin (/ˈoʊdɪn/; from Old Norse: Óðinn, IPA: [ˈoːðenː]) is a widely revered god in Germanic paganism.

What is Loki's zodiac? ›

Classic Loki is a Cancer on multiple levels - both in his earlier appearances and in his final sacrifice. The crabs of the zodiac are known for being homebodies, people who simply want peace and a bit of comfort, and this fits Classic Loki's early appearance perfectly.

Which zodiac is God of War? ›

Aries - Ares

Ares, the god of war, is representative of this strong and eager zodiac sign. If you're an Aries, you likely share many of the same traits as this fierce god. Individuals born beneath the Aries constellation are motivated by power, ambition, and courage.

What planet is Odin associated with? ›

Wednesday is "Wōden's day." Wōden, or Odin, was the ruler of the Norse gods' realm and associated with wisdom, magic, victory and death. The Romans connected Wōden to Mercury because they were both guides of souls after death. “Wednesday” comes from Old English “Wōdnesdæg.”

Who is your Norse god? ›

Odin is the chief of the gods, the wisest and most magically powerful of them all. He is the god of many things, including war, poetry, and wisdom. He sits on his throne and observes all the happens across the nine worlds that he governs. His son, Thor, the god of thunder, is the brawny defender of Asgard.

What zodiac was Ragnar Lothbrok? ›

10 Gemini: Ragnar Lothbrok.

What Norse god is Scorpio? ›

Scorpio (October 23-November 21): Morrigan

The Celtic goddess Morrigan and Pluto, ruler of Scorpio, are both leaders of the underworld.

What is Celtic Tree of Life? ›

The Celts believed that the Tree of Life was a symbol of longevity, wisdom and strength. They even believed that trees were actual ancestors of man and provided a gateway to the spirit world. Another meaning is one of rebirth.

What does a seahorse mean in Celtic? ›

The seahorse is a unique creature with diverse meanings. Many cultures, including the Celts, associated the seahorse with sea gods, giving it the meaning of strength and power. For the Celts, the meaning of the seahorse also included all the mystical qualities of water, connecting it to the imagination and creativity.

What does the Celtic circle mean? ›

Many believe that this symbol represents the pillars of early Celtic Christian teachings of the Holy Trinity (God the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit). What is this? Report Ad. It also represents the unity of spirit when enclosed in a circle. The circle protects it, so the symbolic spirit cannot be broken.

What is a protection bind rune? ›

Protection bind rune – pewter rune with an engraved runic symbol for protection on an adjustable black leather thong. The protection bind rune. The splayed hand of Algiz is warding off adverse force and combines with Sowulo the lifeforce, enabling the wearer to generate inner strength.

Can you burn runes? ›

This depends on the material, of course! If you used paper, you can simply burn it.

What is a bind rune tattoo? ›

A bind rune (Icelandic: bandrún) is a ligature of two or more runes. They are extremely rare in Viking Age inscriptions, but are common in earlier (Proto-Norse) and later (medieval) inscriptions. On some runestones, bind runes may have been ornamental and used to highlight the name of the carver. Less. Neet's.

What is J in runes? ›

Jera (also Jeran, Jeraz) is the conventional name of the j-rune ᛃ of the Elder Futhark, from a reconstructed Common Germanic stem *jēra- meaning "harvest, (good) year".

When did the Vikings stop using runes? ›

“The use of runes in Scandinavia gradually ceased during the 15th century. There are the odd areas of Gotland in Sweden and in Iceland where the rune tradition survived until the 17th century, but in Älvdalen their use was widespread until the early 20th century,” he says.

Why were runes carved as straight lines? ›

The runes were all made of straight lines, which made them easier to carve.

What language is closest to Viking? ›

Icelandic. Icelandic is perhaps the only one of the Nordic languages that closely resembles old Norse which was spoken by the Vikings. With only three hundred fifty thousand native speakers, this language is the least spoken language of all the North Germanic languages.

How do Vikings say hello? ›

Etymology. Originally a Norse greeting, “heil og sæl” had the form “heill ok sæll” when addressed to a man and “heil ok sæl” when addressed to a woman. Other versions were “ver heill ok sæll” (lit. be healthy and happy) and simply “heill” (lit.

How tall was an average Viking? ›

"The examination of skeletons from different localities in Scandinavia reveals that the average height of the Vikings was a little less than that of today: men were about 5 ft 7-3/4 in. tall and women 5 ft 2-1/2 in.

What is the letter Y in Viking runes? ›

Algiz
NameProto-GermanicOld Norse
Transliterationzʀ
Transcriptionzʀ
IPA[z][ɻ], [y]
Position in rune-row1516
5 more rows

What is C in Elder Futhark? ›

Elder Futhark Runes Translation and Meanings
RUNENAMETRANSLATION
ThurisazTh
AnsuzA
RaidoR
KaunazC/K
20 more rows
8 Oct 2021

What is the difference between Younger Futhark and Elder Futhark? ›

Elder Futhark had 24 letters while Younger Futhark, developed at the beginning of the Viking Age, had only 16 letters. Elder Futhark inscriptions etched by craftsmen and owners have been found on coins, garment brooches, weapons and implements dating primarily from the era of the Iron Age princes.

What does the rune Gebo mean? ›

Gebo embodies two important concepts: reward for effort and altruistic giving with no expectation of reward. Its shape can still be found in the kisses (xxx) put at the bottom of a card or letter to a loved one; its symbol says 'we are bonded by love, I bond us by love'.

What is the death rune? ›

The “death rune” is used widely in Ukraine to demonstrate Nazi and racist views, often without any connection to a specific organization. Supporters of far-right ideologies almost always use it to symbolize death, most commonly in conjunction with the “life rune.” This rune is almost never mistakenly used.

Are Celtic and Norse runes the same? ›

They do have similarities, but the differences are many. Both the Norse and Celtic runes were considered as sacred and engraved on wood in the beginning. However, the Norse runes hold protective power; on the other hand, the Celtic runes possess charm and persona.

Is it possible to learn Old Norse? ›

Learning or teaching Old Norse is easy with The Viking Language Series. Viking Language 1 and 2 are the authoritative guides to learning Old Norse, opening a world of sagas, Eddas, and runes. These textbooks have everything you need to become proficient in Old Norse, including grammar, vocabulary, and exercises.

Are runes written left to right? ›

The runes could be written from left to right or right to left. They also could be written with the first sentence proceeding right to left and the second sentence proceeding left to right (boustphedon).

Can I tattoo a rune? ›

Rune Algiz in a Tattoo:

The Rune can be tattooed much more safely than, say, Thurisaz. Nevertheless, it is not recommended for people that have NOTHING to do with the Runes, don't have a personal connection to Algiz and want to do it just for fun, thinking it will offer any kind of protection.

When did the Vikings stop using runes? ›

“The use of runes in Scandinavia gradually ceased during the 15th century. There are the odd areas of Gotland in Sweden and in Iceland where the rune tradition survived until the 17th century, but in Älvdalen their use was widespread until the early 20th century,” he says.

How do you read runes? ›

To read runes based on a 3-stone draw, interpret the rune all the way on the right as representing your current situation. Then, look to the rune in the center as a representation of your challenge. After that, read the rune on the left as being an action you can take to address your challenge.

What is the meaning of Nauthiz? ›

Nauthiz, the need-fire, is a rune with a dual nature. In one sense it is the hard hollow of lack, it is the cold earth, the dark days, the emptiness of loss, of starvation, the dark night of the soul.

How do you pronounce Gebo rune? ›

The Elder Futhark :: Gebo (HD) - YouTube

What is the rune for gift? ›

Gyfu
NameProto-GermanicOld English
'gift''gift'
ShapeElder FutharkFuthorc
Unicodeᚷ U+16B7ᚷ U+16B7
Transliterationgȝ
5 more rows

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