Mt Sinai to 38 years at Kadesh Barnea (2022)

TheExodus Route: 22 stops from Mt. Sinai to Kadesh Barnea

38continuous years at Kadesh Barnea


Overview map
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Satellite map
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Exodus locations:

Mt Sinai to 38 years at Kadesh Barnea (4)Kadesh Barnea
Mt Sinai to 38 years at Kadesh Barnea (5)Ezion Geber

Seealso:

Thirty-eight continuous years atKadesh

Topten list of reasons why the exodus route was not discovered until now.

Dateof the Exodus is 1446 BC. The Pharaoh of the Exodus: Tuthmoses III (1479 -1425 BC)

Miraclesof the Exodus and Red Sea Crossing

Traveltimes, distances, days of the week

Populationof the Exodus Jews: 2.5 Million Hebrews left Egypt!

Excludingvarious exodus routes: Nuweiba Beach, Bitter, Ballah and Timsah lakes.

Introduction:

  1. Israel departs from Sinai for promised land after spending 11 months, 5 days at Sinai.
  2. Since they left on the 14th day of the first month, this means they had been traveling one year, one month and one week, since leaving Egypt. (57 weeks) So they left Sinai on 1:1:1! (year:month:week)
  3. They navigated about 20 stops over a period of between 10.5 and 11 months between Sinai and Kadesh Barnea.
  4. They arrived at Kadesh Barnea in the first of the month of the third year or exactly 24 months after leaving Egypt. (Numbers 20:1)
  5. They celebrated their second Passover at Sinai, then left almost immediately afterwards for Kadesh. They arrived at Kadesh about 11 months later and immediately celebrated their third Passover. Therefore, their arrival at Kadesh was the end of the second year and was marked by their third Passover.
  6. They spend 38 continuous years at Kadesh Barnea (they did not leave and come back), then depart for the Jordan in the 40th year.
  7. Many take the wrong view that Israel came to Kadesh, in the third year, left, then wandered around for 38 years, then returned again to Kadesh (or a second different Kadesh). Click here for detailed discussion proving Israel arrived at Kadesh in the third year and STAYED at Kadesh for 38 more years until they left for Canaan.

I. Thirty-eight continuous years at Kadesh:

The evidence is conclusive that the "majority view" is wrong and that Israel spent 38 continuous years at Kadesh Barnea.

Did Israel arrive at Kadesh in the 3rd year and leave in the 40th? Or Did Israel arrive at Kadesh Barnea in the 3rd year, leave, then visit it a second time 38 years later?

Moses struck the rock after first arriving at Kadesh in the third year.

For a detailed discussion on all the events that took place during the 38 years while Israel was continuously camped at Kadesh, click here.

A. Discussion:

1.The easiest way to prove that Israel spent 38 continuous years at Kadeshis the itinerary list in Num 33.

a.Here we have a detailed sequential list of all the stations from Egyptto Canaan.

b.For those who believe they came to Kadesh then left shortly after thebad report came back from the spies, they are left with a huge hole in thislist.

c.If they left Kadesh, why does Num 33 not list a single location?

d.This huge gap in the chronological information is devastating to thosewho take the "two Kadesh visits" view.

e."The narrative has reached the point where for the nextthirty-eight (?) or thirty-seven or less years there is a blank with respect tothe order of events and the local residence or movements of the Israelites. InChap. 33:16–36 there are enumerated twenty stations between Sinai and Kadesh,or twenty-two including Sinai and Kadesh." (A commentary on the HolyScriptures, Lange, J. P., Schaff, P., Lowrie, S. T., & Gosman, A. Numbers14:40, 1879 AD)

2.Three different views: Moses spend 38 continuous years at Kadesh vs.Moses arrived, left and returned to Kadesh:

a.The Bible clearly says they arrived at Kadesh Barnea and did not leavefor 38 years until they crossed the Jordan.

b.Two visits to the same Kadesh: Somebelieve Moses came to Kadesh Barnea, left, wandered for a period of time thenreturned to the SAME location called Kadesh a second time, then crossed theJordan.

c.Two visits to two different places called Kadesh:Others believe Moses came to Kadesh Barnea (#1), left, wandered for a time,then arrived at another geographic place called Kadesh Barnea (#2), then left,wandering for a time, then crossed the Jordan.

B. The narrative insert after Hazeroth in Numbers chapters 13-20

1.The biggest mistake is to fail to realize that many of the stories inthe first five books of Moses do not follow a strictly chronological order. TheSame is true of the New Testament gospels.

a. Theaccount of their travel from Num 10:11-12 down to Numbers 12:16 follows theNumbers 33 list. However, starting in Num 13, we skip about 18 stops and godirectly to Kadesh in the narration. This kind of narration style is typical inboth the Old and New Testament. In fact, the statement that "the sons ofIsrael set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai. Then the cloudsettled down in the wilderness of Paran." (Numbers 10:12) is a summary ofa larger pattern of travel to Kadesh.

(Video) Kadesh Barnea- the Evidence & the Discovery of an Ancient Portable Olive Press

b. Whenit says, “the cloud settled down in Paran”, that means at Kadesh. The sectionthat follows discusses a few important things that happened before Kadesh(grumbling for meat at Taberah/Kibroth-hattaavah [ch 11]; Miriam's and Aaron'schallenge to Moses Egyptian wife at Hazeroth [ch 12]) and events that happenedat Kadesh: spying out the land; The man caught gathering sticks on the Sabbath;Koran's rebellion, death of Miriam, Moses striking the rock, Moses requests thekings of Edom and Moab to allow passage to the Jordan. As we can see, theseevents spanned 38 years. They came to Kadesh once, then they left for theJordan river which they crossed in 1406 BC.

2.The key is to view the entire section between Num 12:16 - 20:1 as anoverview of the major events of the entire 38 years at Kadesh. It begins in12:16 where they jump from Hazeroth forward 18 stops to Kadesh. This overviewends at 20:1, where it recounted that they came to Kadesh in the first monthafter leaving Sinai (11 months later).

3.Some misuse Numbers 20:1 as evidence that Israel came to Kadesh, butthen left to wandered somewhere else for 38 years, then returned in year forty:"In the first month all the people ofIsrael arrived at the Desert of Zin, and they stayed at Kadesh. There Miriamdied and was buried." Many commentators mistakenly believe this was the 40th year, but they are wrong. The verse tells us theyarrived at Kadesh in the first month but does not tell us the year! It does notsay, "the first month in the 40th year". Since Israel left Sinai inthe second month of the second year after leaving Egypt (14 months), this meansthey arrived at Kadesh in the first month of the third year after leaving Egyptor 24 months. See Exodusroute calendar for more details.

C. Numbers 20:1-5 "the first month of WHAT year?" (year3 not 40!)

"Then the sons of Israel, the whole congregation,came to the wilderness of Zin in the first month;and the people stayed at Kadesh. Now Miriam died there and was buried there.There was no water for the congregation, and they assembled themselves againstMoses and Aaron. The people thus contended with Moses and spoke, saying, “Ifonly we had perished when our brothers perished before the Lord! “Why then haveyou brought the Lord’s assembly into this wilderness, for us and our beasts todie here? “Why have you made us come up from Egypt, to bring us in to thiswretched place? It is not a place of grain or figs or vines or pomegranates,nor is there water to drink.”" (Numbers 20:1–5)

1.Commentators on Num 20:1

a.A full and concise discussion that essentiallyproves one, not two visits to Kadesh:
“Our text has become the knotty point of the greatest misunderstandings.Usually it is understood as follows. The children of Israel came once again toKadesh in the first month of the fortieth year. And after that, all thesethings took place that are related afterwards. The most positive facts speakagainst this fixed assumption. First, theclear testimony of Deut. 1. Second, thehistory of the water of strife. That is to say, had the Israelites madethemselves familiar with the neighborhood of Kadesh-Barnea, then they wouldhave known also its water-springs; but according to our passage, they havehardly more than arrived in the desert of Zin, and have as yet found no springsin it. Third, the people strove withMoses saying: Would that we had perished when our brethren perished before theLord. After forty years they could not have spoken of brothers thathad perished, but only of fathers. Almost the whole generation of thefathers was now buried. They do not even seem to have experienced as yetthe rebellion of Korah, for Keil justly remarks: “by that they do not mean therebellion of Korah (Knobel), for whose destruction גָּוַע, exspirare, is no fitting expression,but those that died gradually during the thirty-eight years.” The rest of theircomplaint, also, agrees better with the beginning of their sojourn in thedesert than with a period when they had long since accustomed themselves to thesteppe. According to the internal relations, the murmuring at the want of waterconnects very simply with the murmuring at the want of bread or food at theGraves of Lust (11.), and falls in the period of the settlement in the desertof Paran, 12:16. Accordingly we assume, that the beginning of Chap.20. is to beunderstood as pluperfect. Now the children of Israel had come, i.e.the host of God with the whole congregation, into the wilderness of Zin, andthe people encamped at Kadesh. More definitely the chronological order wasas follows. On the 20th day of the second month of the second year (of theExodus) the Israelites departed from Sinai (10:11). Since then about a year haselapsed until the settlement in Paran, or till the first month of which ourchapter speaks, by which, therefore, is to be understood the third year,because the sentence of a forty years’ abode in the wilderness cannot well beset at a later period. Moreover, it must not be left unnoticed, that alreadyafter the meeting of the people, chap. 14, it is said: only Joshua and Calebshall enter the land of Canaan, so that we must supposethat Moses and Aaron had already received their sentence. [ie. Moses struck the rock for water] It may be furtheradded, that a failure on the part of the great man of God more probablyoccurred in the first years of his course than at the close, when he was sonear his goal. The motive for the chronologicaldisplacement of our history, as was already intimated, was to combine in oneaccount the fates of these two brothers and their sister. A return of the storyto an older history appears to be presented also in the section 21:1–3. Theaccount of the defeat of Israel there related is the old story of theunsuccessful raid into the south of Canaan (14:40–45). It is resumed again inthis place on account of the vow that Israel made at that time, and nowfulfils, of which we will treat further on. Also according to Knobel’sway of seeing the matter, the text not only speaks of two periods of abode inKadesh, but also according to “the Jehovistic document” of a single abode there(p. 103). “The old register of encampments likewise recognizes only one abodein Kadesh.” [On the view that there was only one abode in Kadesh, andthat the host arrived there not earlier than in the third year of theExodus, and possibly later, see Tr.’s note at the end of chap,14. Dr. Lange’sappeal to Deut. 1. is an argument that deserves more amplification. Thelanguage of ver. 19, particularly: “We went through allthat great and terrible wilderness,” implies a longer journey and more variedexperience than could be compressed into eighty days or so. The same maybe said of ver. 33, which, compared with Num. 9:15–23, seems to refer to thewanderings from Sinai to Kadesh.—Tr.] Ver. 1. On the desert of Zin andKadesh-Barnea, see above at 12:16. On Kadesh see also the article in Gesenius. According to Keil, and the common view, the first monthfalls in the fortieth year of the Exodus. A difficulty of that view ispresented in the inquiry: Why is nothing said of the want of water during thefirst stay at Kadesh, whereas it is spoken of in reference to the second?”(A commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Lange, J. P., Schaff, P., Lowrie, S. T.,& Gosman, A. Numbers 20:1, 1879 AD)

b.“The narrative of the journey continues with the account of Israel’sarrival at Kadesh Barnea, the center of Israel’s desertwanderings for thirty-eight years. (Holman Bible Commentary, Num 20:1)

c.Deuteronomy says Israel reached Kadesh at oncebut stayed there “many days” (Deut. 1:46) and then spent thirty-eight years inthe wilderness (Deut. 2:14). According to this tradition, then, the datein this verse (v. 1) would refer to the first day of the third year (cf.10:11). Supporting this interpretation is the clause “our brothers perished”(v. 3) which can only have been said by the survivors of the Korahite plagueconcerning the death of their peers (17:6–15) and not by the sons concerningthe death of their fathers (14:34). Also the murmurers refer to themselves asthe generation of the Exodus (vv. 4a, 5a). If so, then the events leading tothe punishment of Moses and Aaron (vv. 1–13) must be separated from the eventsof 20:14–21:35. The latter clearly refer to the fortieth year and also proceedfrom Kadesh” (20:14, 16, 22)" (Torah, Jewish commentary, Jacob Milgrom,Num 20:1, 1989 AD)

2.What is the antecedent of "first month" in Num 20:1? (Num10:11)

a."Now in the second year, in the second month, on the twentieth ofthe month, the cloud was lifted from over the tabernacle of thetestimony;" (Numbers 10:11)

b.It amazes me that people miss such simple information. When the book ofnumbers is full of detailed chronological information and a generic "firstmonth" (Nisan) is referenced, we must read in reverse to find the LASTfull dated reference, which in this case is Numbers 10:11 which explainsNum 20:1.

c."second year, in the second month (Iyar), on the twentieth of themonth. Num 10:11 and first month the following year (year 3) Num 20:1

d.So the simplest reading of Num 20:1 is that they left Mt. Sinai on 20thIyar in year two after leaving Egypt and arrived at Kadesh Barnea in Nisan year3 after leaving Egypt.

3.Aaron died on the 1st day of the 5th month of the 40th year of thewilderness wandering (summer 1407 BC). Shortly after mourning Aaron for30 days, the people left Mount Hor, defeated the Transjordan nations, and thenmourned for Moses 30 days. They crossed the Jordan on the 10th day of the 1stmonth of the 41st year (spring, 1406 BC), four days before the 41stPassover, which was exactly 40 years to the day they left Goshen.They started counting sabbatical years and Jubilee after crossing theJordan. (Num 33:38; 20:28; Deut 34:8; Josh 4:19; 5:10)

a.There just is not enough time to fit in all the events in Numbers 20 infour short months.

b.For a detailed discussion on all the events that took place during the38 years while Israel was continuously camped at Kadesh, click here.(These are the events the "two Kadesh" advocates cram into 4 months)

4.There are many insurmountable problems with the view that Num 20:1 isthe 40th year and therefore must be firmly and confidently rejected.

D. Numbers 14:25 "turn tomorrow and leave Kadesh"

“Now the Amalekites and the Canaanites live in thevalleys; turn tomorrow and set out to thewilderness by the way of the Red Sea.”" (Numbers 14:25)

1.As a clear message of failure of forward progress, God commanded them toturn around and head the way they came, down the Aaraba valley towards Elatfrom Kadesh (Petra).

a.However the next day they began an invasion of Canaan which resulted indefeat. This would have taken days if not weeks to complete.

b.Clearly the following day they DID NOT leave Kadesh and WOULD NOT leaveKadesh in spite of the commandment of God.

c.If they did leave Kadesh, there is ABSOLUTELY no evidence they did.

d.Although God commanded Israel to leave Kadesh, they disobeyed and wouldnot leave, which may have caused God to change His mind and just leave themthere for the next 38 years. There is no evidence they ever left!

e.This is the simplest view and the one favoured by the author.

2.Another view, is that the Hebrew text for "tomorrow" is ageneric expression meaning, some time in the future (in this case 38 years) youwill turn and leave Kadesh.

a.“We may therefore regard Deut. 1:46: “So ye abode in Kadesh many days,”as descriptive of the whole period of thirty-seven years or less till the storyis resumed, beginning again at Kadesh. Then To-morrow turn ye, etc.,Num. 14:25, is a command to abandon the invasion of Canaan on the south, andturn in that direction that was afterwards successful. This command began to beexecuted by what is narrated 20:14 sqq. To-morrow presents no obstacle to this view. For the Heb. מָחָר, [Strongs: 4278: machar] that is so rendered, has not the limited meaning that“to-morrow” has in English. See Gen. 30:33; Exod. 13:14, where it is translated“in time to come,” and obviously means the remote future. This longsojourn at Kadesh was spent in a nomadic life (ver. 33, your children shallbe shepherds), and of course involved a dispersion and moving about over aconsiderable area, which may have embraced the most or all of the desert ofParan” (A commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Lange, J. P., Schaff, P., Lowrie,S. T., & Gosman, A. Numbers 14:25-40, 1879 AD)

    1. "“So my honesty will answer for me later [Strongs: 4278: machar], when you come concerning my wages. Every one that is not speckled and spotted among the goats and black among the lambs, if found with me, will be considered stolen.”" (Genesis 30:33)
    2. "“And it shall be when your son asks you in time to come [Strongs: 4278: machar], saying, ‘What is this?’ then you shall say to him, ‘With a powerful hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, from the house of slavery." (Exodus 13:14)
    3. We acknowledge that the majority of the time, Strongs: 4278: machar indeed means simply tomorrow but not always.

3.When the second attempt to take Canaan was made in rebellion to Goddemanding they leave Kadesh, this would have been a great time for Moses toleave Kadesh towards the Red Sea at Ezion Geber in obedience to God but theystayed put at Kadesh.

    1. "But they went up heedlessly to the ridge of the hill country; neither the ark of the covenant of the Lord nor Moses left the camp." (Numbers 14:44)
    2. If there was any time or place that Moses left Kadesh Barnea in the third year, it would have been at exactly Number 14:44, which instead says THEY NEVER LEFT THE KADESH CAMP.
    3. Imagine the scene of the disobedient Hebrews crossing the Arabah Valley to attack the Canaanited in the promised land ALL THE WHILE Moses and the Ark of the Covenant AND Aaron AND the obedient Hebrews were marching away from Petra (Kadesh), southward towards the gulf of Aqaba. What a spectacular scene that would be. BUT IT NEVER HAPPENED!
  1. Another different way of viewing Num 14:25 is Irony:
    1. Israel had said at this time: "So they said to one another, “Let us appoint a leader and return to Egypt.”" (Numbers 14:4)
    2. The verse could be paraphrase this way: "If Israel wants to return to Egypt then "LET THOSE WHO WANT, TURN BACK TOMMORROW AND RETURN TO EGYPT THE EXACT WAY THEY CAME and die at the hands of the Amalekites and the Canaanites who live in the valleys. But while you are following your LEADER and are heading to Egypt being attacked by the Amalekites and the Canaanites in the Arabah Valley, Moses and Aaron will be staying put at Kadesh in safety."
    3. "This section of Yahweh’s speech to Moses concludes with an instruction to turn back, literally to “turn the face around and depart,” and head back down in the wilderness by the way of the Red Sea. In that the same phraseology, “Way of the Sea of Reeds,” is used in this directive, Milgrom has suggested that this geographical reference “illustrates the measure for measure principle” [talionic justice].… If Israel desires to return to Egypt (v. 4), then it should turn back—but only to die in the wilderness (vv. 28–29).” The usage may carry this force on a literary level, since in Exod 13:18 this is the “way” or route they followed when they departed from Egypt. But it is also a geographical statement in that the Way of the Red Sea Wilderness was the name of a road through the wilderness" (New American Commentary, Num 14:25, 2000 AD)
    4. "Geographically this probably means they were to head south-east from Kadesh toward the Gulf of Aqabah, one of the recognized north-south routes across the Sinai Peninsula. But theologically the way to the Red Sea suggests they are returning to Egypt. Typical of the irony in this story, their punishment is made to fit their crime. They wanted to die in the wilderness and return to Egypt: in a way rather different from the one they intended, God grants their request. The long-term programme of entering Canaan will be postponed to let the generation of rebels die where they wanted." (Numbers: an introduction and commentary, G. J. Wenham, Vol. 4, Num 14:25, 1981 AD)
    5. What is interesting about the Irony view, is that the very path Israel would take from Kadesh (at Petra) south to the gulf of Aqaba WAS ONE HUGE VALLEY BETWEEN TWO HUGE MOUNTAIN RANGES. Perhaps the statement that the "Amalekites and the Canaanites live in the valleys" was as way to spook them and strike terror into their hearts. On the other hand, if they had left, and it is almost certain that some of the 6 million camped at Kadesh did attempt a return, that these would most likely have been killed IN THE VALLEY OF THE ARABAH as they headed back to Egypt in the most direct route possible.
    6. Again, if the passage is irony, clearly Moses did not leave Kadesh.

E. The record of Deuteronomy proves 38 continuous years:

1.What Deuteronomy says:

a."It is eleven days’ journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir toKadesh-barnea." (Deuteronomy 1:2)

b.“Then we set out from Horeb, and went through all that great andterrible wilderness which you saw on the way to the hill country of theAmorites, just as the Lord our God had commanded us; and we came to Kadesh-barnea." (Deuteronomy 1:19)

c.“So you remained in Kadesh many days, thedays that you spent there." (Deuteronomy 1:46)

d.Now the time that it took for us to come fromKadesh-barnea until we crossed over the brook Zered was thirty-eight years,until all the generation of the men of war perished from within the camp, asthe Lord had sworn to them." (Deuteronomy 2:14)

2.What could be clearer?

(Video) Is this the 2nd rock that Moses struck at Kadesh! Drone video!

a.The entire discussion and context is the time it takes to get from Sinaito Kadesh: a normal 11 day journey via a standard caravan but since Israel wasdisobedient, this same trip took 38 years before they moved on.

b.The bible specifically says "they spend MANY days at Kadesh"which contradicts those who claim they spend only a few days there and left for38 years and returned again for a few days.

c.The bible specifically says that from Kadesh to crossing the Zered was38 years. Nowhere is there any indication they left Kadesh and returned.

Conclusion:

1.The Bible is rather explicit that Israel spent 38 continuous years atKadesh.

a.The Bible says they spent 38 years at Kadesh even calling their timethere "many days"

b.There is no indication they ever left Kadesh.

c.There is no itinerary of places they went had they left Kadesh (Num 33)

d.There is no indication there was a second visit to Kadesh.

2.The events of Numbers 20:1 can be clearly dated to the Nisan (1stmonth) of the third year after leaving Goshen, not the 40th year.

a.The events of Num 20:1-13 (Korah, Miriam, water from rock etc.) cannotbe fit into 2-4 months.

b.Those who were part of the events of Num 20 had recently left Egypt.

3.The material in Numbers is not in strict chronological order and thestories jump forward and backward, hence 20:1-13 happens before chapters 14-19etc. The Material of Num 20:1-13 is elliptical.

4.The demand for water would be the very first thing Israel would make ofGod in a dry place like Kadesh on their first visit not their second visit.

a.In fact there is evidence that Moses' striking the rock for waterhappened BEFORE the spies were sent out from Kadesh to Hebron. They would notsend out a scout troupe until their basic needs like water were met.

b.Notice when the spied returned that only Joshua and Caleb would crossthe Jordan, indicating that Moses and Aaron had already been barred entry intothe promised land because of striking rather than speaking to the rock.

c."Surely you shall not come into the land in which I swore to settleyou, except Caleb the son of Jephunneh and Joshua the son of Nun."(Numbers 14:30)

5.The only Bible verse that suggests they left Kadesh is Numbers 14:25where God commands them to leave Kadesh, but in fact Israel refused to leaveand God may have changed his mind and allowed them to stay at Kadesh.

a.After being told to leave Kadesh, there was a plague that killed the 10bad spies and then they left Kadesh to invade Canaan without Moses who stayedin the camp at Kadesh with the ark.

b."But they went up heedlessly to the ridge of the hill country;neither the ark of the covenant of the Lordnor Moses left the camp." (Numbers 14:44)

c.This would have been a great time to leave Kadesh towards the Red Sea atEzion Geber in obedience to God but they stayed put at Kadesh.

6.Just because many people believe there are two Kadesh visits, does notmean they are correct.

a.They have mount Sinai wrong and even the location of Kadesh they havewrong. (Kadeshis located at Petranot Qudeirat)

7.Israel arrived at Kadesh Barnea in the first month of the third year andnever left until 38 years had passed. Then they headed south down the Arabahvalley past Ezion Geber a second time, then east, then north around Edom andMoab.

II. The 22 stops of travel between Sinai and Kadesh:

A.22 exodus route stops from Mt. Sinai and Kadesh Barnea:

1. Taberah

a. Taberahis either just before Kibroth-hattaavah, or at Kibroth-hattaavah since Deut9:22 indicates they are distinct: "Again at Taberah and at Massah and atKibroth-hattaavah you provoked the Lord to wrath." Deuteronomy 9:22

2. Kibroth-hattaavah:"Graves of Lust"

a. Num11: Quail given, 70 elders are given the Holy Spirit.

b. Sothe name of that place was called Kibroth-hattaavah, because there they buriedthe people who had been greedy. "

c. "Theyjourneyed from the wilderness of Sinai and camped at Kibroth-hattaavah."Numbers 33:16

d. Thequail came from the sea, and east wind, a south wind. This may be useful inlocating where they were geographically.

e. Exodus10:10 + 19, shows two different and opposite directions of wind. The Hebrewword for "west" is the same word as "Sea". So"west-wind" is literally a "sea wind". There is a distinctword for "east", which is the direction of the rising sun. Thetabernacle in the wilderness was oriented to be facing towards the east.

f.The Numbers 11 passage might be interpreted to say, "brought quailfrom the west [sea wind] or from the sea [body of water]. Quail are upland gamebirds that do not live near salt water. If it said that God brought pelicansfrom the sea, it would make more sense. Therefore, it is unclear if the text ofNumbers 11 means "brought quail from the west or from the sea". Sincethe Ps 78:26-27 passage says the quail came from both south and east winds,perhaps God blew them in from a variety of directions: east, west, and south atdifferent times. Or perhaps it is saying that God brought them in from near thesea (or direction of the sea) with both east and southerly winds.

g. Inany case, it is not very helpful in making a determination as to where the campwas located in relation to the Red Sea.

(Video) Kadesh Barnea english

h. "Now there went forth a wind from the Lord and it brought quail from the sea, and let them fall beside thecamp, about a day's journey on this side and a day's journey on the other side,all around the camp and about two cubits deep on the surface of theground. The people spent all day and all night and all the next day, andgathered the quail (he who gathered least gathered ten homers) and they spread themout for themselves all around the camp. While the meat was still betweentheir teeth, before it was chewed, the anger of the Lord was kindled againstthe people, and the Lord struck the people with a very severe plague. So thename of that place was called Kibroth-hattaavah, because there they buried thepeople who had been greedy. From Kibroth-hattaavah the people set out forHazeroth, and they remained at Hazeroth." Numbers 11:31-35

i."He caused the east wind to blow inthe heavens. And by His power He directed the southwind. When He rained meat upon them like the dust, Even winged fowl likethe sand of the seas, Then He let them fall in the midst of their camp,Round about their dwellings. So they ate and were well filled, And their desireHe gave to them. Before they had satisfied their desire, While their food wasin their mouths, The anger of God rose against them And killed some of theirstoutest ones, And subdued the choice men of Israel." Psalm 78:26-31

3. Hazeroth

a. FromKibroth-hattaavah the people set out for Hazeroth, and they remained atHazeroth Num 11:35

b. "Remainedat Hazeroth" indicates a longer period of time. Miriam and Aaronchallenged Moses over his Cushite wife (Zipporah) They also said, "Has theLord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has He not spoken through us aswell?" God called them to the tent of meeting and Miriam turned leprous.Moses prayed and God ordered that Miriam was to be confined outside the campfor 7 days, since she was unclean.

c. "Theyjourneyed from Kibroth-hattaavah and camped at Hazeroth." Numbers 33:17

d. Thenarrative insert after Hazeroth in Numbers chapters 13-20

e. Theaccount of their travel from Num 10:11-12 down to Numbers 12:16 follows theNumbers 33 list. However, starting in Num 13, we skip about 18 stops and godirectly to Kadesh in the narration. This kind of narration style thing istypical in both the Old and New Testament. The statement that "the sons ofIsrael set out on their journeys from the wilderness of Sinai. Then the cloudsettled down in the wilderness of Paran." (Numbers 10:12) is a summary ofa larger pattern of travel to Kadesh. When it says, the cloud settled down inParan, that means at Kadesh. The section that follows discusses a few importantthings that happened before Kadesh (grumbling for meat atTaberah/Kibroth-hattaavah [ch 11]; Miriam's and Aaron's challenge to MosesEgyptian wife at Hazeroth [ch 12]) and events that happened at Kadesh:

i.spying out the land

ii.The man caught gathering sticks on the Sabbath

iii.Koran's rebellion

iv.The death of Miriam

v.Moses struck the rock

vi.Moses requested the kings of Edom and Moab for passage to get to theJordan.

f.As we can see, these events spanned 38 years. They came to Kadesh once,then they left for the Jordan.

g. Thekey is to view the entire section between Numbers 12:16 - 20:1 as an overviewof the major events of the entire 38 years at Kadesh. It begins in 12:16 wherethey jump from Hazeroth forward 18 stops to Kadesh. This overview ends at 20:1,where it recounts that they came to Kadesh in the first month after leavingSinai (11 months later).

h.Some misuse Numbers 20:1 as evidence that Israel came to Kadesh, butthen left to wandered somewhere else for 38 years, then returned in year forty:"In the first month all the people ofIsrael arrived at the Desert of Zin, and they stayed at Kadesh. There Miriamdied and was buried." Many commentators mistakenly believe this was the 40th year, but they are wrong. The verse tells us theyarrived at Kadesh in the first month, but it does not tell us the year! It doesnot say, "the first month in the 40th year". Since Israel left Sinaiin the second month of the second year after leaving Egypt (14 months), thismeans they arrived at Kadesh in the first month of the third year after leavingEgypt or 24 months after leaving Goshen. See Exodusroute calendar for more details and below in afuller discussion.

4. Rithmah:"They journeyed from Hazeroth and camped at Rithmah." Numbers 33:18

5. Rimmon-perez:"They journeyed from Rithmah and camped at Rimmon-perez." Numbers33:19

6. Libnah:"They journeyed from Rimmon-perez and camped at Libnah." Numbers33:20

7. Rissah:"They journeyed from Libnah and camped at Rissah." Numbers 33:21

8. Kehelathah:"They journeyed from Rissah and camped in Kehelathah." Numbers 33:22

9. MountShepher: "They journeyed from Kehelathah and camped at Mount Shepher."Numbers 33:23

10. Haradah: "Theyjourneyed from Mount Shepher and camped at Haradah." Numbers 33:24

11. Makheloth: "Theyjourneyed from Haradah and camped at Makheloth." Numbers 33:25

12. Tahath: "Theyjourneyed from Makheloth and camped at Tahath." Numbers 33:26

13. Terah: "Theyjourneyed from Tahath and camped at Terah." Numbers 33:27

14. Mithkah: "Theyjourneyed from Terah and camped at Mithkah." Numbers 33:28

15. Hashmonah: "Theyjourneyed from Mithkah and camped at Hashmonah." Numbers 33:29

16. Moseroth: "Theyjourneyed from Hashmonah and camped at Moseroth." Numbers 33:30

17. Bene-jaakan:"They journeyed from Moseroth and camped at Bene-jaakan." Numbers33:31

18. Hor-haggidgad.

a. Hor???Mt. Hor? = horites

b. "Theyjourneyed from Bene-jaakan and camped at Hor-haggidgad." Numbers 33:32

c. Thismountain must be in Edomite territory as they traveled from the far east,directly to Ezion Geber.

19. Jotbathah:

(Video) Kadesh Barnea Village, South Israel - Irrigation Project

a. "Theyjourneyed from Hor-haggidgad and camped at Jotbathah." Numbers 33:33

b. Fromthere they set out to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land ofbrooks of water. Deuteronomy 10:7

20. Abronah: "Theyjourneyed from Jotbathah and camped at Abronah." Numbers 33:34

21. Ezion-geber:

a. "Theyjourneyed from Abronah and camped at Ezion-geber." Numbers 33:35

b. (ModernAqaba, sea port on north shore of Gulf of Aqaba.)

22. Wilderness of Zin, thatis, Kadesh Barnea

a. Maps from the 1500's called Kadesh"stop 33" from Egypt

b. "Theyjourneyed from Ezion-geber and camped in the wilderness of Zin, that is,Kadesh." Numbers 33:36

c. "Thenthe sons of Israel, the whole congregation, came to the wilderness of Zin in the first month; and the people stayed at Kadesh. Now Miriam died there and was buriedthere." Numbers 20:1

d. Spyingout the land: Num 13-14

e. "Sothey went up and spied out the land from the wildernessof Zin as far as Rehob, at Lebo-hamath." Numbers 13:21

f."for in the wilderness of Zin, during the strife of thecongregation, you rebelled against My command to treat Me as holy before theireyes at the water." (These are the waters of Meribah of Kadesh in thewilderness of Zin.)" Numbers 27:14

g. "becauseyou broke faith with Me in the midst of the sons of Israel at the waters ofMeribah-kadesh, in the wilderness of Zin, because you did not treat Me as holyin the midst of the sons of Israel. " Deuteronomy 32:51

h. 38continuous years at Kadesh. They spent 38 years at Kadesh, then in the 40thyear from Egypt, they went west from into the Arabah valley and camped oppositeMt. Hor where Aaron died. It was this movement after 38 years that triggeredthe King of Arad to become alarmed. For a detailed discussion on all the eventsthat took place during the 38 years while Israel was continuously camped atKadesh, clickhere.

II. The Deut 10:6-9 puzzle:

1. Aarondid not die at Moserah, but that was where God told Aaron that he was going todie in the wilderness for his sin, just as Moses was later told at Kadesh whenhe struck the rock.

a."(Now the sons of Israel set out from Beeroth Bene-jaakan toMoserah. There Aaron died and there he wasburied and Eleazar his son ministered as priest in his place. From there theyset out to Gudgodah, and from Gudgodah to Jotbathah, a land of brooks of water.At that time the Lord set apart the tribe ofLevi to carry the ark of the covenant of the Lord, to stand before the Lord toserve Him and to bless in His name until this day. Therefore, Levi does nothave a portion or inheritance with his brothers; the Lord is his inheritance,just as the Lord your God spoke to him.)" Deuteronomy 10:6-9

2. The real puzzle is what does this listing of 5 stops haveto do with the context at all and why does it say that Aaron died at Moserah,when we know he died at Mt. Hor.

a.The puzzle is not that the towns (Beeroth Bene-jaakan and Moserah) aresimilar to the list in Num 33. (Moseroth and camped at Bene-jaakan). They aredifferent names. Moserah is different from Moseroth. "Bene-jaakan"means "the wells of the sons of Jaakan". Perhaps the Jaakanwere a tribe or clan who dug wells for others for hire. "BeerothBene-jaakan" could easily be another set of wells dug or controlled by theJaakans. They could have been outsiders or perhaps they were fellow Hebrews whowere known as the "well diggers." Whatever the actual connection is,the names are not identical.

b.The puzzle is not that these two names, (assuming they are the same asthe Numbers 33 list) are in reverse order to the Num 33 list.

3. Thesolution is not to ignore the text as an uninspired addition to scripture.Pseudepigrapha is cleverer than to contradict known revelation on two counts (stoporder and where Aaron died) and invent three new stops not previously recordedin the Numbers 33 list. In addition, the narrative changes from first person tothird. Perpetrators of such satanic crimes of adding to the Biblical text tryto pass off their insertions by blending into the existing text so that nobodynotices. If you are trying to add something to the scriptures without gettingcaught, this is how not to do it. We will assume it is valid and inspiredscripture.

a.While we have concluded that the names are different places than the Num33 list, we reject the suggestion that Moserah is another name for Mt. Hor orthe larger area that surrounded it as a solution. If such an important eventhappened there the Num 33 list would have made some comments. But they are justlisted without any comment. The Num 33 list does indeed stop and make commenton important events. In fact it spends three whole verses on the death ofAaron: "They journeyed from Kadesh and camped at Mount Hor, at the edge ofthe land of Edom. Then Aaron the priest went up to Mount Hor at the command ofthe Lord, and died there in the fortieth year after the sons of Israel had comefrom the land of Egypt, on the first day in the fifth month. Aaron wasone hundred twenty-three years old when he died on Mount Hor. Numbers 33:37-39.This is in addition to: "Now when they set out from Kadesh, the sons ofIsrael, the whole congregation, came to Mount Hor. Then the Lord spoke to Mosesand Aaron at Mount Hor by the border of the land of Edom, saying, "Numbers 20:22-23

b.Since the words of Deuteronomy 10 were spoken by Moses only a few monthsafter the death of Aaron at Mt. Hor, it would be highly unlikely Moses wouldcontradict such an important and recent historical event.

4. Theinsertion of this mystery itinerary of stops found nowhere else in scripturethat is somehow connected with the death of Aaron is the real puzzle. What doesit mean and why is it here at all?

a.First we notice that the list of five stops begins and ends with placesabundant with water. They always grumbled for water. Water was a sign ofblessing from God.

b.Second, this listing of stops must have been well known to the Hebrewswho were standing there listening to Moses at the Zered Wadi.

5. Itis interesting that while Aaron was actively involved in the making of thegolden calf, the Levites were absent. However, in the punishment of the peoplefor making the golden calf, Moses called for "anyone who is with him"and the Levites came forward. It seems the Levite were not in agreement withAaron, their high priest and patriarch of the tribe. In the same way the highpriest at the time of Jesus mislead his people into crucifying him. (Matthew26:57). It is interesting that the only Levite mentioned in the new testamentwas "Barnabas, which translated means Son of Encouragement" (Acts4:36). Just as the Levites were a positive force for good with Moses, so toowas Barnabas, the Levite, for the early Christians.

a.Solution: After they left Sinai, we know they traveled for about 11months. During this time, they went through these 5 stops. Aaron did not die atMoserah, but that was where God told Aaron that he was going to die in thewilderness for his sin, just as Moses was later told at Kadesh when he struckthe rock. Both before and after this proclamation, God had given them theblessings of his grace with abundant water.

6. Moserahwas the stop between Sinai and Kadesh where God informed Aaron he was going todie and be replaced by his son some 40 years later and not enter the promisedland.

a.This ties into the larger context of the passage where Moses isrecounting the sins of the people in connection with the golden calf. Verse 1begins with God restoring fellowship with Israel by replacing the two tabletsof the ten commandments that Moses had broken when Aaron had made the goldencalf.

b.The verse refers back to 9:20 and more generally to Aaron’sresponsibility in the incident of the golden calf (9:16–21). God had been angrywith Aaron and ready to destroy him (9:20) because of the calf incident; Moses,however, had prayed for him, and the brief reference to Aaron here (in 10:6)indicates that that prayer had been answered.” (NICOT, Deuteronomy 10:6)

7. Thisconclusion is reinforced by the fact that nowhere else in scripture recordswhere Aaron was told, like Moses was told, that he would not enter the promisedland because of his grave sin of making the golden calf.

BySteve Rudd: Contact the author forcomments, input or corrections.

FAQs

What is the meaning of Kadesh Barnea in the Bible? ›

Kadesh Barnea is a key feature in the common biblical formula delineating the southern border of the Land of Israel (cf. Numbers 34:4, Joshua 15:3, Ezekiel 47:19 etc.) and thus its identification is key to understanding both the ideal and geopolitically realised borders of ancient Israel.

How many days should the journey from Mount Sinai to Kadesh Barnea have taken? ›

By staying the course with God's plan and ways, they would have gotten to where God wanted them to be in about 11 days, but instead, it became an arduous 40 year sojourn…..

Why did it take 40 years for the Israelites to enter the promised land? ›

Kadesh-barnea was on the border of the promised land, and it was intended that the children of Israel would go from there and inherit the land. In other words, it took the children of Israel 40 years to travel the distance they could have traveled in 11 days.

What does the word Kadesh mean? ›

(ˈkeɪˌdɛʃ ) oasis in the desert, south of Palestine: Gen.

How do you say Kadesh-Barnea? ›

How to pronounce Kadesh-barnea - YouTube

Where is Kadesh-Barnea located? ›

Kadesh-barnea, orKadesh, City of ancient Palestine. Its precise location is unknown, but it was situated in the country of the Amalekites, southwest of the Dead Sea and on the western edge of the wilderness of Zin. It twice served as an encampment for the Israelites.

How often is 40 days mentioned in the Bible? ›

Horeb (1 Kings 19:8). The number 40 also appears in the prophecies of Ezekiel (4:6; 29:11-13) and Jonah (3:4). In the New Testament, Jesus was tempted for 40 days and 40 nights (Matthew 4:2). There were 40 days between Jesus' resurrection and ascension (Acts 1:3).

How long was it supposed to take to get to the Promised Land? ›

After being led by Moses out of the horrible conditions of Pharoah's Egypt, the Israelites went on a journey to the Promised Land that was only supposed to take 11 days.

How long did it take the Israelites to get to the Promised Land? ›

Forty years of wandering in the wilderness had brought Israel to stand upon a mountaintop overlooking the land of promise.

How long were the Israelites at Mount Sinai? ›

According to the biblical story, Moses departed to the mountain and stayed there for 40 days and nights in order to receive the Ten Commandments and he did so twice because he broke the first set of the tablets of stone after returning from the mountain for the first time.

What does 40 years mean in the Bible? ›

The Hebrew people lived in the lands outside of the promised land for "forty years". This period of years represents the time it takes for a new generation to arise (Numbers 32:13). Several early Hebrew leaders and kings are said to have ruled for "forty years", that is, a generation.

Why did the Israelites not make it to the promised land? ›

The Israelites had just lost the right to enter the promised land because they had refused to follow the Lord. Now, in an attempt to show how “repentant” they were, they refused to follow the Lord.

What is the meaning of Kadosh in Hebrew? ›

Kadosh (Hebrew Word for "Sacred")

Where did Israel wander for 40 years? ›

The Israelites revolted and decided to return to Egypt, but they ended up remaining at Kadesh for forty years. The Lord declared that, because of their rebelliousness, they would not see the promised land. Instead, their children would inherit it.

What does Amalekite mean in Hebrew? ›

Amalekite. / (əˈmæləˌkaɪt) / noun. Old Testament a member of a nomadic tribe descended from Esau (Genesis 36:12), dwelling in the desert between Sinai and Canaan and hostile to the Israelites: they were defeated by Saul and destroyed by David (I Samuel 15–30) Slang.

How do you pronounce Kadesh in Hebrew? ›

How to Pronounce Kadesh? (BIBLE) - YouTube

How do you pronounce anakim? ›

How to Pronounce Anakim (Real Life Examples!) - YouTube

How do you pronounce eshcol? ›

How to pronounce Eshkol - YouTube

Where is Kadesh in modern day? ›

Kadesh, modern Tall an-Nabī Mind, ancient city on the Orontes (Al-ʿĀṣī) River in western Syria. The site is located about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Homs.

How many Israelites wandered in the desert for 40 years? ›

According to tradition, this harrowing ritual was repeated annually for forty years, until the original 600,000 Israelites who left Egypt—those who doubted that they could attain the Promised Land—finally died off.

Who won the battle of Kadesh? ›

Ramses II led his forces into an ambush by 2,500 Hittite chariots, lured by Hittite spies who gave false information to their Egyptian captors. The battle may be the earliest military action recorded in detail, mostly from Egyptian sources, which proclaimed the siege a great victory for Ramses II.

Why is 12 a powerful number in the Bible? ›

The number 12 is mentioned often in the New Testament of the Bible, such as Jesus' selection of 12 apostles, he said. That choice was deliberate, with each apostle representing one of the 12 tribes of Israel, said Reed, a professor emeritus of pastoral theology and research.

What does the number 40 represent? ›

In religion, 40 seems to be shorthand for “a long time.” Jesus spent 40 days fasting in the wilderness being tempted by the devil; the great flood lasted 40 days and 40 nights; the Jewish people wandered the desert for 40 years.

What is the significance and biblical meaning of 40 days in celebration of Lent? ›

Lent is the period of 40 days which comes before Easter in the Christian calendar. Beginning on Ash Wednesday, Lent is a season of reflection and preparation before the celebrations of Easter. By observing the 40 days of Lent, Christians replicate Jesus Christ's sacrifice and withdrawal into the desert for 40 days.

What is the walking distance between Egypt and Israel? ›

The distance between Egypt and Israel is about 613KM. But it took Moses and the Israelites 40years to complete their journey. On average each day they walk only 43metres, yes only 43metres, Almost half of what Usain Bolt do in 5 seconds.

Where is the promised land located? ›

God instructed Abraham to leave his home and travel to Canaan, the Promised Land, which is today known as Israel. God asked Abraham to follow his rules and be a good example to others.

What is the first word in the Bible? ›

The translated word in the Hebrew Bible is Bereshith (בְּרֵאשִׁית‎): "In beginning". The definite article (the) is missing, but implied. Archē (Ancient Greek: ἀρχή) is the original word used in John 1:1.

Did the Israelites make it to the promised land? ›

The promise is fulfilled in the biblical book of Joshua when the Israelites cross the Jordan river into the promised land for the first time.

What does the promised land symbolize? ›

This land that God promised to Abraham all the way back in Genesis is not simply a geographical backdrop—it acts as a picture of covenant faithfulness as God's people try (and often fail) to live out their divine calling.

How many times is 3 days mentioned in the Bible? ›

When we arrive at the Gospels, we find Jesus speaking of a third-day resurrection when he talks about his death with his disciples. In fact, he mentions “three days” 21 times in the Gospel accounts!

What is the significance of Mount Sinai in the Bible? ›

Mount Sinai is renowned as the principal site of divine revelation in Jewish history, where God is purported to have appeared to Moses and given him the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20; Deuteronomy 5).

How many Israelites died at Mt Sinai? ›

When Moses descended from Mount Sinai, he was so incensed by this pagan image that he smashed the stone Tablets of the Law and ordered 3,000 males to be put to death.

Where is Mount Sinai today? ›

Mount Sinai (Hebrew: הר סיני Har Sinai; Aramaic: ܛܘܪܐ ܕܣܝܢܝ Ṭūrāʾ Dsyny), traditionally known as Jabal Musa (Arabic: جَبَل مُوسَىٰ, translation: Mount Moses), is a mountain on the Sinai Peninsula of Egypt.

Why do they say life begins at 40? ›

Definition. The phrase life begins at 40 means that when one reaches the age of forty, life becomes better, maybe because one has the skills, experiences, and means necessary for an enjoyable life.

What is special about 40 years? ›

Why is 40th birthday a milestone? 40th birthdays are milestone birthdays because, at this age, you enter mid-adulthood. At this point in your life, you're too young and not too old. Each year you enter a new development stage in your life is a milestone.

Is 40 an angel number? ›

The meaning of angel number 40 is a good thing to see and is a positive sign. This destiny number works in different ways to bring about positive energy. Trust your intuition and pay attention to the signs around you.

What is considered the Promised Land in the Bible? ›

Another popular understanding of Israel as the Promised Land comes from Genesis 17, where God's covenant with Abraham and his offspring is affirmed, and God promises to be the God of Abraham's offspring and gift them the land of Canaan for “a perpetual holding.”

Where is Canaan today? ›

The land known as Canaan was situated in the territory of the southern Levant, which today encompasses Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, and the southern portions of Syria and Lebanon.

How old was Joshua when Moses died? ›

In Numbers 13:1, and after the death of Moses, he led the Israelite tribes in the conquest of Canaan, and allocated lands to the tribes. According to biblical chronology, Joshua lived some time in the Bronze Age. According to Joshua 24:29, Joshua died at the age of 110.
...
Joshua
Venerated inJudaism, Christianity, Islam
7 more rows

What does Kadesh mean in the Bible? ›

Kadesh or Qadesh or Cades (in classical Hebrew Hebrew: קָדֵשׁ, from the root קדש‎ "holy") is a place-name that occurs several times in the Hebrew Bible, describing a site or sites located south of, or at the southern border of, Canaan and the Kingdom of Judah in the kingdom of Israel.

What is Holy Spirit name? ›

Holy Spirit, also called Paraclete or Holy Ghost, in Christian belief, the third person of the Trinity.

What is the Holy Spirit's name in Hebrew? ›

The term in the Hebrew that is translated as 'Holy Spirit' is 'Ha Ruach Ha Kodesh. ' There is a specific intention in the terminology “Holy Spirit” as compared to the reference to His Spirit without the definition of “holy”.

Why did it take 40 years for the Israelites to reach the promised land? ›

Without being able to trust in the Egyptians and now having only the Lord to rely upon, whether in Egypt or in the desert, the Israelites had to bring themselves to trust God more than man.” It was this process that took Israel 40 years. But because of the covenantal love of the Lord, He did not give up on Israel.

Why did God make the Israelites wander for 40 years? ›

Corresponding to the 40 days that the spies toured the land, God decreed that the Israelites would wander in the wilderness for 40 years as a result of their unwillingness to take the land.

How many days should the journey from Mount Sinai to Kadesh Barnea have taken? ›

By staying the course with God's plan and ways, they would have gotten to where God wanted them to be in about 11 days, but instead, it became an arduous 40 year sojourn…..

Are there still Amalekites today? ›

In addition, the Amalekites, as a physical nation, have been extinct since the time of Hezekiah's reign, according to the Hebrew Bible.

What type of people were the Amalekites? ›

Amalekite, member of an ancient nomadic tribe, or collection of tribes, described in the Old Testament as relentless enemies of Israel, even though they were closely related to Ephraim, one of the 12 tribes of Israel. The district over which they ranged was south of Judah and probably extended into northern Arabia.

What is the spirit of Amalekite? ›

The Amalekite spirit is arrogant like the king that Saul failed to kill. It's sneaky, manipulative, and deceiving like the enemy that carried off David's family. This spirit has no respect for authority and will kill the king in you given the chance.

What happened at meribah Kadesh? ›

At Meribah, probably in the area of Kadesh-barnea, Moses addressed the complaining people as rebels and struck a rock twice in anger, whereupon water flowed forth for the thirsty people. He had been angry before in defense of Yahweh's name, honour, and cause, but this time…

What is the significance of 40? ›

In religion, 40 seems to be shorthand for “a long time.” Jesus spent 40 days fasting in the wilderness being tempted by the devil; the great flood lasted 40 days and 40 nights; the Jewish people wandered the desert for 40 years.

How many Israelites wandered in the desert for 40 years? ›

According to tradition, this harrowing ritual was repeated annually for forty years, until the original 600,000 Israelites who left Egypt—those who doubted that they could attain the Promised Land—finally died off.

How many years did the Israelites stay in the wilderness? ›

But the children of Israel's rebelliousness prevented them from inheriting the promised land then. For forty years, they stayed in the wilderness, until Joshua took the next generation into the Holy Land.

What is the significance of Meribah? ›

The episode recounted in Exodus 17 features the Israelites quarreling with Moses about the lack of water, and Moses rebuking the Israelites for testing Yahweh; verse 7 states that it was on this account that the place gained the name Massah, meaning testing, and the name Meribah meaning quarreling.

What is the meaning of Meribah? ›

In Biblical Names the meaning of the name Meribah is: Dispute, quarrel.

What is the water of Meribah? ›

Of those, ten tell the story of the thirst of the people of the covenant, their complaining, the petition of Moses and Aaron for the provision of the LORD, Moses striking a rock producing water, and the resulting stream being named “the waters of Meribah, where the people of Israel quarreled with the LORD, and through ...

How long was the journey to the Promised Land supposed to take? ›

After being led by Moses out of the horrible conditions of Pharoah's Egypt, the Israelites went on a journey to the Promised Land that was only supposed to take 11 days. But along the way, the people complained and disobeyed. God provided food and water to help sustain them, yet they still didn't follow his directions.

What does 4 mean spiritually? ›

“[Four] is the number of support and stability, so it's about rooting down and taking care of yourself and your life.” One way to do that, Wolfe adds, is to take the message from the angel number four and use it as a guide to the “four different areas of stability: physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual.” (Sound ...

What did Moses do for 40 years? ›

Moses told the Israelites that they were not worthy to inherit the land, and would wander the wilderness for forty years until the generation who had refused to enter Canaan had died, so that it would be their children who would possess the land.

What does 40 years mean in the Bible? ›

The Hebrew people lived in the lands outside of the promised land for "forty years". This period of years represents the time it takes for a new generation to arise (Numbers 32:13). Several early Hebrew leaders and kings are said to have ruled for "forty years", that is, a generation.

How many people entered the Promised Land? ›

He had his seventy or seventy-two disciples, in reference to the seventy-two elders, six chosen out of each of the twelve tribes, who were united with Moses and Aaron in the administration of justice, &c., among the people.

How many years were the Israelites slaves in Egypt? ›

The Book of Exodus itself attempts to ground the event firmly in history, dating the exodus to the 2666th year after creation (Exodus 12:40-41), the construction of the tabernacle to year 2667 (Exodus 40:1-2, 17), stating that the Israelites dwelled in Egypt for 430 years (Exodus 12:40-41), and including place names ...

Why did the Israelites stay in the wilderness for 40 years? ›

Corresponding to the 40 days that the spies toured the land, God decreed that the Israelites would wander in the wilderness for 40 years as a result of their unwillingness to take the land.

Where in the Bible do the Israelites wander for 40 years? ›

The Israelites travel for 40 years in the wilderness in search of the promised land.

How long did the Israelites camp at Mount Sinai? ›

According to the biblical story, Moses departed to the mountain and stayed there for 40 days and nights in order to receive the Ten Commandments and he did so twice because he broke the first set of the tablets of stone after returning from the mountain for the first time.

Videos

1. The Exodus Journey 3 part 1
(J316us)
2. What Happened When Israel Was in the Wilderness?
(History of Redemption)
3. When I Come to Kadesh Barnea
(Paden City Church Of Christ)
4. Kadesh Barnea (feat. Uchman)
(Marcus Bornold - Topic)
5. 12 Journey to Spiritual Maturity -- Faith: Lessons from Kadesh Barnea
(Bruce Buckingham)
6. 100 - Les Feldick Bible Study Lesson 1 - Part 4 - Book 9 - Kadesh-Barnea
(Les Feldick Bible Study)

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